Moldavia is a historical region corresponding to the northeastern territory of Romania between the eastern Carpathians to the west and the Dniester river to the east.
It is the cradle of one of the oldest archaeological cultures in Europe – the Cucuteni Culture (approximately 5200 BC - 3200 BC).
In ancient times the area of Moldavia was inhabited by the Dacians. After the Dacian wars (101-102 and 105-106), Moldavia remains a territory within the power and control of what the historians have called „the free dacians”.
The foundation of the medieval principality of Moldavia is due to the Romanian voivode Dragoş I who crosses the Carpathian Mountains coming from Maramureş in 1359 and sets the bases of the Principality of Moldavia.
Under the rule of Stephen the Great (1457-1504), the most prominent voivode of Moldavia, an important territorial, economic and cultural flourishing is known.
In 1812, based on the Treaty of Bucharest, the Principality of Moldavia is divided into two parts and the eastern part becomes Bessarabia, a new Russian province. In 1856, under the terms of the Treaty of Paris, the Russian Empire returns to Moldavia the southern territories of Bessarabia (Cahul, Bolgrad, Ismail). In 1859, the Principality of Moldavia unites with the Principality of Wallachia to create the United Principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia under the government of the Domnitor Alexandru Ioan Cuza (1859-1866). In 1866, a new Constitution is adopted and Cuza is replaced with Carlos de Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (Carlos I). As a result of the Romanian War of Independence (as part of the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78), Romania gains independence from the Ottoman Empire but loses again the southern territories of Bessarabia.
In 1917 Bessarabia becomes the Democratic Republic of Moldova to unite with Romania a year later, in 1918, followed shortly by Bucovina. Thus, the historical unity of Moldavia’s territories is restored within the borders of Romania which preserves the terms of Bessarabia and Bucovina as distinct from that of Moldavia.
In 1940, on the basis of the Ribbentrop-Mólotov Pact and the Russia ultimatum, Romania loses the north of Bucovina and Bessarabia.
Among the most illustrious personalities in the region of Moldova it must be mentioned the Romanian national poet Mihai Eminescu (January 15, 1850, Botoşani – June 15, 1889, Bucharest).
If you are considering travelling along the roads of Moldavia, do not forget to visit these places:
- the medieval castle of Neamţ,
- the city of Iaşi,
- Sturdza Castle in Miclăuşeni,
- the bison sanctuary Dragoş Vodă in Vînători-Neamţ,
- the resort Slănic Moldova,
- the Mausoleum of Mărăşeşti,
- the vineyards of Moldavia.
Discover the region of Moldavia together with România Color!