Maramureş is a historical region located in the north of Romania on the Upper Tisza River. The name of the region originates in the history of the Romanians impressed by the beauty of the depression of the river Mara that they would contemplate from beyond the protective "wall" of the surrounding mountains.
The region has been inhabited since the earliest times. Archaeological remnants of the Upper Paleolithic (Late Stone Age) and Neolithic have been found here as well as of the Bronze Age. Formerly the home of the Getas and Dacians led by the King Burebista (88-44 BC), the territory of Maramureş remains occupied, after the Roman invasion (101-102 AD and 105-106 AD), by the so called „the free Dacians” (the Dacians outside the Roman province Dacia).
The first documentary testimony of the name „the Country of Maramureş” goes back to the year 1199. In another document dated in 1214, the Romanians of Maramureş are referred to as „the guardians of the forests”.
In 1688, Maramureş became part of the Austrian empire along with Transylvania. A rebel movement breaks out of the disagreement and non-conformity to the Austrian control. In this regard, custodian and defender of Romanians’rigths is Pintea „the Brave” (1670-1703), a well-loved Romanian „Robin Hood” on whose figure and brave deeds legends have been built.
On December the 1st, 1918, Maramureş, along with the other Romanian provinces, decides the Union with Romania.
Maramureş is a region with a specific local stamp with unparalleled cultural elements in Romania.
When visiting Maramureş it is essential to take time to admire:
- the Wooden Churches of Maramureş (UNESCO heritage)
- Mocăniţa (narrow gauge train) in the Vaser Valley
- the Museum of Ethnography and Folk Art of Baia Mare
- Săpînţa Merry Cemetery
- the Tower of Ştefan in Baia Mare
- the Bîrsana Monastery
Discover Maramureş together with România Color!